Interactive multimedia instruction for teaching Western Animation
Rina Wayanti, The Ohio State University, United States
The Ohio State University . Awarded
The interactive multimedia animation instruction design was created to teach undergraduate students about Western Animation. The final output of the design is an instructional CD-ROM designed especially for self-study teaching and learning activities. The CD-ROM imparts the essential aspects of the history, techniques, pioneers, and principles of animation.
Since the end of the major traditional animation production era in the late 1950s, people have associated animation with entertainment for children only. This confusion is the result of lack of understanding of the contributions past and present animators have made to society and the fine art world. The instructional CD-ROM was created to reveal and examine the important work of various types of Western animations from the beginning of the eighteenth century to the present.
Multimedia technology gives art educators and students new opportunities in teaching and learning activities that may not be experienced by traditional teaching methods. With this technology, an art instructor has the opportunity to design a specific type of multimedia teaching system by using computers and authoring software. Because the result can be put in a CD-ROM, it is very practical for the both art instructors and students to carry the teaching design to any possible CD-ROM facility and use it whenever it is necessary. The teaching and learning activities do not always have to be arranged in the classroom anymore. The CD-ROM technology allows the students to have more freedom to choose the time and place to learn.
Interactivity is one of the main keys to create successful teaching and learning activities. Because it can be used without the necessary presence of an instructor, it is important that the CD-ROM be designed to interact with the user the way an instructor does in the classroom. Without interactivity, it is much more difficult to engage learning activities. This means the CD not only imparts information but also must encourage the user to explore the theoretical and practical aspects of Western animation inside and outside of the CD, build a certain knowledge and understanding, and appreciate the work of Western animation, and be able to improve his or her animation skills at the end.
The interactive multimedia CD-ROM was not created to replace a classroom instructor. Based on my experience in working with computer technology and teaching art education courses, I believe that no technology or machine can substitute for an instructor in the classroom. The CD was designed to offer both art instructors and students new opportunities and freedom in teaching and learning.
Wayanti, R. Interactive multimedia instruction for teaching Western Animation. Ph.D. thesis, The Ohio State University.
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