Attitudes and perceptions of teachers toward computers: The implementation of an educational innovation in Trinidad and Tobago
Prahalad Sooknanan, Bowling Green State University, United States
Bowling Green State University . Awarded
Communication technologies have been lauded for their development potentials. New communication technologies, such as computers, are particularly beneficial to several development initiatives including education. Previous research has endorsed the effectiveness of the computer as an educational tool. Given the level of technological illiteracy facing developing countries, it is incumbent upon schools to provide exposure to computer technology to avoid students becoming increasingly handicapped. This places a demand on teachers to become technologically competent.
In an attempt to ascertain the feasibility of the computer literacy campaign for teachers in Trinidad and Tobago (T&T), this study examined the relationship between the independent variables (teachers' attitudes toward computers and perceived innovation characteristics) and the dependent variables (teacher satisfaction and utilization). Based on previous research, 10 hypotheses were formulated to examine the relationship between the variables. A self-administered questionnaire was conducted in a convenience sample survey of 142 elementary school teachers. The data was subjected to factor and reliability analyses. The 14 factors extracted had Cronbach's alpha levels from .42 to .96. Following the factor analysis, the 10 main hypotheses were restated, thus increasing the total number of hypotheses tested to 30. Using regression analysis, 7 hypotheses related to perceived innovation characteristics were supported. One hypothesis related to attitudes was also supported. These results underscored the importance of attitudinal and perceptual factors to the successful implementation of computers. Specifically, the findings have policy-making implications regarding the government's campaign to implement educational computing throughout the educational system in T&T. In general, the study contributes towards understanding the importance of technological literacy in attaining the socioeconomic goals of developing countries.
Sooknanan, P. Attitudes and perceptions of teachers toward computers: The implementation of an educational innovation in Trinidad and Tobago. Ph.D. thesis, Bowling Green State University.
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Cited ByView References & Citations Map
Irene Govender, University of KwaZulu Natal, South Africa; Desmond Wesley Govender, University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
EdMedia + Innovate Learning 2008 (Jun 30, 2008) pp. 6158–6164
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