The relation between communication apprehension, depression and internet usage
Erika M. J. Butler, Michigan State University, United States
Michigan State University . Awarded
This study explores the relationship between communication apprehension (CA), depression (DEP), and Internet usage (USAGE). A survey was administered to 218 undergraduate students at Michigan State University. The survey consisted of three components. Two components measured the subject's level of communication apprehension and depression with well-established measures. The third component included a variety of questions regarding on-line habits. Confirmatory factor analysis was performed on each of these three components to determine the internal consistency and parallelism of the items. Additional analyses were performed on the three constructs to determine whether the correlations among CA, DEP, and USAGE were as predicted by three models. Model 1 posits that DEP mediates the relationship between CA and USAGE, model 2 posits that both CA and DEP exert a direct effect on USAGE, and model 3 suggests that CA exerts a direct effect on both DEP and USAGE. Correlations among the indices were low. It was concluded that DEP is not a strong predictor of USAGE. CA was correlated modestly with USAGE. Further investigation of the relationships among the variables reveals a substantial amount of heterogeneity in USAGE when CA is high, suggesting the presence of a moderator variable. It was found that gender moderates the relationship of CA and USAGE. Females who have high CA tend to spend more time interacting on-line than males who are high in CA.
Butler, E.M.J. The relation between communication apprehension, depression and internet usage. Ph.D. thesis, Michigan State University.
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