The effects of instructional media on group piano student performance achievement and attitude
Cynthia Ann Stephens Benson, The University of Texas at Austin, United States
The University of Texas at Austin . Awarded
This study investigated the effects of instructional media on group piano student performance achievement and attitude. Sixteen participants divided into four treatment groups practiced individually three times during a two-week period for each of four modules comprised of keyboard theory exercises and repertory pieces. The effects of using a sequenced disk, video, multimedia computer program, and no media were assessed with the following dependent variables: note accuracy, rhythm accuracy, and musicianship for two repertory pieces; and correct chords, rhythm, and voice leading for two keyboard theory exercises.
Results of the study indicated that piano practice irrespective of the presence or absence of media was effective for improvement of performance accuracy in keyboard theory exercises and repertory pieces. Although no significant differences were found between the groups in performance accuracy, student attitude toward the practice sessions and performance material was influenced by use of media in practice. Participants who practiced with media considered their practice sessions significantly less difficult than those who practiced without media. Amount of total practice time and final tempos chosen by the participants were not significantly different among conditions. All participants responded that their performance did improve with the practice sessions and that their practice was efficient and helpful.
An additional aspect of this study included the use of media in classroom instruction. Three intact group piano classes (N = 29) were instructed in one of three conditions: use of sequenced-disk, videotape, and multimedia computer presentations and assessed with the same dependent variables. The comparison of different media used in classroom presentation showed no significant differences between treatment groups.
Benson, C.A.S. The effects of instructional media on group piano student performance achievement and attitude. Ph.D. thesis, The University of Texas at Austin.
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