Design and development of interactive multimedia for preservice reading education
Andrea Marie Farenga, Illinois State University, United States
Illinois State University . Awarded
Preservice teachers are not often provided with opportunity to learn and practice the skills required for miscue mediation. A miscue is a point in oral reading where the observed response does not match the expected response. The mediation is a verbal or non-verbal response from a teacher during a student's oral reading intending to provide confirmation, reinforcement or instruction in effective reading strategies. Preservice teachers should know (a) how to recognize and mediate appropriately at miscue, and (b) how to properly apply miscue mediation to individual tutoring situations. An Interactive Multimedia Tutoring Program (I.M.M.T.P.) delivered on CD-ROM has the potential to resolve this problem.
The I.M.M.T.P. is computer-based courseware containing several full motion video segments of an emerging reader in oral reading tutorials with a professional reading teacher. The preservice teacher can choose any video segment and engage with the program in Tutorial or Participant modes. The Tutorial mode enables the student to choose from a variety of hypertext links explaining the teacher's mediations. The Participant mode enables the student to ask questions about the tutoring through an internet link that automatically e-mails these to the instructor for personalized feedback.
Pilot testing of a prototype I.M.M.T.P. revealed that most students used the basic features of the courseware. Opportunities to engage in Participant mode were taken by fewer students. A large majority of students found the I.M.M.T.P. easy to use. Most suggestions for improvement addressed technical features. Students had an overall positive response to the courseware, reporting that they would be more comfortable tutoring a student as a result of using it. Preliminary findings suggest that the I.M.M.T.P. can be an effective educational supplement for preparing preservice teachers of reading. Opportunities for further research span the areas of reading, teacher education and instructional technology.
Farenga, A.M. Design and development of interactive multimedia for preservice reading education. Ph.D. thesis, Illinois State University.
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