You are here:

A national survey of teachers on their perceptions, challenges, and uses of information and communication technology

, Clemson University, United States

Clemson University . Awarded


This study had five main purposes: (a) to investigate the extent to which literacy teachers nationwide integrate information and communication technologies (ICTs) into literacy instruction; (b) to investigate the extent to which ICTs are utilized in ways that promote the acquisition of literacy skills within digital environments; (c) to identify the perceived obstacles and challenges teachers face in their attempts to integrate ICTs into instruction; (d) to determine how literacy teachers define ICT integration and how they perceive the importance of ICT integration into reading instruction; and (e) to identify the distinguishing characteristics of teachers who report no or minimal integration of ICTs in their literacy instruction when compared to teachers who report extensive integration.

These issues were addressed using online survey methodology with a national sample of literacy teachers (n = 1442). Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Analysis of Variance (ANOVA), and regression analysis. Results indicated that: (a) literacy teachers use ICTs relatively little in instruction and with little variety; (b) they typically do not use ICTs in ways that enhance skills for reading in online environments; (c) lack of time, lack of equipment, and lack of professional development are major barriers to ICT integration; (d) a majority of teachers have an incomplete or narrow view of what constitutes ICT integration; and (e) professional development factors, teaching experience, beliefs about technology, technology skill, technology access and support, and perceived obstacles all predict teachers’ ICT use at statistically significant levels. Implications for professional development and educational policy are discussed.


Hutchison, A.C. A national survey of teachers on their perceptions, challenges, and uses of information and communication technology. Ph.D. thesis, Clemson University. Retrieved October 21, 2019 from .

This record was imported from ProQuest on October 23, 2013. [Original Record]

Citation reproduced with permission of ProQuest LLC.

For copies of dissertations and theses: (800) 521-0600/(734) 761-4700 or