System design framework for a learning collaboratory
Michael Christian Dorneich, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, United States
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign . Awarded
The emergence of computer technology has had profound implications for instruction. Early efforts consisted of practical instructional tools designed around classroom needs and focused on the transmission or delivery of knowledge to the student. Subsequent work in intelligent tutoring systems took a more cognitive approach and attempted to emulate the behavior of skilled human tutors via software. More recent work has focused on collaborative learning processes, and the idea of a collaboratory as a virtual space for work. This thesis describes a design process to support the development and use of collaborative learning technologies. This process, the Learning Collaboratory Design Framework (LUCIDIFY), integrates methods and concepts from cognitive systems engineering, theories of learning and instruction, distributed computing, and computer-supported collaborative learning (CSCL). LUCIDIFY is instantiated in an actual software testbed, the Collaborative Learning Environment for Operational Systems (CLEOS). CLEOS is a collaboratory for teachers, students, and practitioners in the physical sciences, and in particular for NMR spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction experiments. CLEOS includes two virtual instrument tutorials, CVS and VXRD; an asynchronous messaging system, QB; a project-based design environment, TOSP; and an architecture for developing collaborative apprenticeship learning systems, CALOT; an authoring environment, BAUEN; and a collaborative multi-user domain infrastructure, MudSpot. The design and evaluation of CLEOS is described.
Dorneich, M.C. System design framework for a learning collaboratory. Ph.D. thesis, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.
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