The incorporation of technology into music education in Korea: A mixed method study
Esther Rhee, Kent State University, United States
Kent State University . Awarded
This study explored how music technology is used within the Korean educational system. Many music programs in Korea have adopted technology into their curricula, but there is little research about the degree to which technology is used in the Korean educational system for music instruction and how highly it is valued as a pedagogical tool.
The purpose of this study was to utilize quantitative and qualitative methods to explore five research questions: (1) What are the advantages of using music technology, (2) What are the different types of technological equipment at the various levels of education, (3) What are the possible pedagogical applications of music technology, (4) How familiar is the educator with using music technology, and (5) How adequately is funding allocated for music technology?
Half of the 1,000 members of the Korean Music Educators Society (KMES) were asked to participate by survey and interview in this study, gathering informational data based on the five research questions. A majority of the KMES members are music educators, (with fewer consisting of graduate students of music), representing a wide range of levels, from kindergarten through college. This range in education levels is helpful in assessing the extent to which technology is used at various stages by educators.
The major findings were as follows. Educators: (1) recognized the advantages of incorporating music technology into the educational life of the student from kindergarten through college, (2) reported uses of technological equipment at the various levels of education, (3) reported their pedagogical uses of music technology, (4) recognized their lack of skills and experience, spurring a need for further education, and (5) recognized the scarcity of funding and lack of support at the government level as major barriers to the acquisition of technology. They also saw that the benefits of implementation far surpassed any possible difficulties encountered in acquisition and maintenance.
Implications for resolving some of the issues raised by participants include: (1) petitioning the government for adequate funding and fostering an improved philosophy on the fine arts in Korea, (2) the acquisition of technology, and (3) the training of educators in the use and application of technology in the Korean classroom.
Rhee, E. The incorporation of technology into music education in Korea: A mixed method study. Ph.D. thesis, Kent State University.
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