The University-Industry-Government linkages and knowledge production: An arising concept of National Innovation System in Thailand
Methaya S. Monaiyapong, The University of Utah, United States
The University of Utah . Awarded
This dissertation addresses the essence of University-Industry-Government research linkages (UIG) and explores the complementary nature of each sector in the role of technical knowledge creation and transfer. Technical knowledge can be produced and transmitted by the process of research personnel exchanges, which carry knowledge with them. This study argues that the most effective way to improve the technological capability of a nation is to have a well-managed National Innovation System (NIS), in which UIG are the main actors in the system. By encouraging UIG research linkages, long-run benefits are realized.
My objective is to investigate the existence and extent of UIG research linkages in Thailand. The existence of linkages leads to more technical knowledge in the future. My study provides a framework that explains the overall connection of UIG linkages and a model to capture the evidence of UIG research linkages by using the food sector as a case study. The framework in this study explains the broad relationships between UIG linkages within a context of the NIS system, where factors affect these linkages in both a positive and negative way.
Three questionnaires address these UIG relationships. The overall result shows that the university plays a dominant role in UIG linkages in Thailand. The problems that hinder UIG linkages can be grouped into three broad areas. These are limited resources, asymmetric information, and government policies. Finally, this study suggests that strengthening Thailand's technological capability enhances economic growth. This requires mutual understanding and support from every party in the system.
Monaiyapong, M.S. The University-Industry-Government linkages and knowledge production: An arising concept of National Innovation System in Thailand. Ph.D. thesis, The University of Utah.
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