An investigation into the use and effectiveness of video modeling of conducting for pre-service music educators
Kristin Ann Skoglund Tjornehoj, University of Minnesota, United States
University of Minnesota . Awarded
This study was designed to investigate the use and effectiveness of video modeling and evaluation on the development of conducting techniques. Four questions were addressed: (a) does the use of a modeling video with self-videotaping, and self and supervisor evaluation improve the conducting technique skills of pre-service music educators? (b) does the use of print materials with self-videotaping, and self and supervisor evaluation improve the conducting skills of pre-service music educators? (c) how do subjects' videotape self-evaluations compare with evaluations made by experts in the field? (d) what are the opinions of the subjects as to the best ways to improve their conducting skills?
Twelve pre-service music educators were asked to participate in a four-month experimental phase. Subjects were randomly divided into two groups: half made up the “print” group that preceded their self-evaluations by reading a set of conducting guidelines, and half made up the “videotape modeling” group that preceded their self-evaluations with the viewing of a modeling video of conducting. Both groups were subject to self and supervisor evaluations with the use of conducting checklists for guidance. All subjects videotaped themselves twice monthly.
Statistically significant differences were found between the pretest and posttest for both the print and the video modeling groups. It was concluded that the use of video modeling or print materials coupled with self and supervisor evaluations does result in the notable improvement of conducting skills. Pretest scores were similar for expert and self-evaluations. Posttest scores were significantly higher for self-evaluations.
Subjects felt that the incorporation of exercises and the use of conducting checklists enhanced learning, and all of these pre-service music educators indicated that they liked videotaping themselves for the purpose of conducting evaluation. They estimated improvement in all areas of conducting following the study. All subjects expressed positive reactions to the idea of using video modeling to aid in the increase of conducting effectiveness.
Tjornehoj, K.A.S. An investigation into the use and effectiveness of video modeling of conducting for pre-service music educators. Ph.D. thesis, University of Minnesota.
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