Learning strategies and computer based instruction: A mixed methods study
Kendall Wayne Hartley, The University of Nebraska - Lincoln, United States
The University of Nebraska - Lincoln . Awarded
Computer based instruction is being increasingly used as a learning tool. One of the determinants of a student's success in any instructional environment is their utilization of learning strategies. The use and effectiveness of learning strategies in traditional learning activities has a strong research base. What is less clear is the use and effectiveness of learning strategies in a hypermedia environment.
This study investigated the implementation of a learning strategy instruction program embedded within a computer based instructional environment. The participants were 13 high school students enrolled in a computer-networking course. The very technical content of the course was delivered in a hypermedia format. An experimental group of seven students were asked to complete learning strategy instruction tasks prior to and during the content lessons. The other six students served as controls and did not receive strategy instruction. It was hypothesized that students receiving strategy instruction would outperform a control group on measures of strategy awareness and achievement.
The results were mixed in that gains were noted in regulatory strategies but not knowledge of strategies. Achievement gains were not found. Interviews and observations were used to interpret the mixed findings.
Hartley, K.W. Learning strategies and computer based instruction: A mixed methods study. Ph.D. thesis, The University of Nebraska - Lincoln.
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