Effectiveness of refusal skills software
Ray Bryson, University of California, Riverside, United States
University of California, Riverside . Awarded
A computerized social skills training program, Teen Challenges: Refusing Trouble, which combines successful social skills training methods and efficient computer-aided instruction design, was developed and tested. Dependent measures were demonstration of refusal skills strategies and self report of refusal-skills confidence, valuing, and frequency of use.
One hundred eighty-eight, male and female, eighth grade students were stratified according to pre-treatment refusal skill level, gender, and teacher. They were then randomly assigned from the stratified blocks to either the computer-based refusal skills training group or a control group.
Repeated measures analyses of variance indicated a significant and meaningful time by treatment interaction for refusal skills scores. The difference between treatment and control groups remained significant and meaningful at both the post-test and follow-up testing. Self-report measures of confidence, value and behavior did not show a treatment effect.
Bryson, R. Effectiveness of refusal skills software. Ph.D. thesis, University of California, Riverside.
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