An analysis of the efficacy of HIV/AIDS education with three methods of delivery: Interactive video disc, psychoeducational counseling, and group education via pamphlets
Jane Ellen Hannes, Mississippi State University, United States
Mississippi State University . Awarded
The purpose of this study was to examine the relative efficacy of HIV/AIDS education with three methods of information delivery. There has been a lack of empirical research comparing various methods of sexually transmitted diseases (STD) and HIV/AIDS education. This study sought to provide information to assist counselors and counselor educators in working with persons who are at high risk for developing HIV/AIDS.
The theoretical framework for this study was Bandura's (1986) Social Learning Theory. This theory proposes that behavior is a result of interaction between an individual's expectancies and incentives. An individual's expectancy is derived from environmental cues, beliefs about consequences of actions, and beliefs about self-efficacy.
Participants were active duty Army males who had contracted an STD and were seen in the medical troop clinic for psychoeducation at one military installation. The research design used was a pretest-posttest design. The independent variable was type of education and consisted of three levels of instruction: interactive video disc, psychoeducational instruction in an individual setting, and psychoeducational instruction in a group setting distributing two pamphlets. The dependent variable was recall of knowledge as measured by the AIDS Information Survey (DiClemente, Zorn, & Temoshok, 1988). The dependent variable included an assessment of general knowledge and an assessment of misconceptions.
A repeated measures analysis of variance (ANOVA) was calculated for the scores on knowledge and misconceptions with an a-priori alpha level of.05. Although the omnibus test indicated significance, post-hoc analyses failed to indicate significant effects. There was no statistically significant difference on any of the analyses regarding misconceptions.
Even though there was no statistically significant difference in educational methods used in this study, there were strong inferences that these participants have the knowledge about prevention of HIV/AIDS. For whatever reason, however, these people continue to place themselves at risk for a deadly disease. Counseling is imperative to assess self-efficacy as well as offer techniques to increase self-esteem and assertive behavior.
Hannes, J.E. An analysis of the efficacy of HIV/AIDS education with three methods of delivery: Interactive video disc, psychoeducational counseling, and group education via pamphlets. Ph.D. thesis, Mississippi State University.
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