The effect of simultaneously reading and listening to audiotapes of expanded and compressed spoken text on the reading rate of English as asecond language students
Patrick Charles Kennell, The Florida State University, United States
The Florida State University . Awarded
The purpose of this study was to examine and compare a method for increasing the reading rate of English as a Second Language students. This study consisted of 36 students at the Center for Intensive English Studies. 19 of these students were in a control group and 17 were in a treatment group. The two groups were further divided into low and high English proficiency. The control group had 11 low proficient students and 8 high-proficient students, while the treatment group consisted of 7 low-proficient students and 10 high proficient students.
A pre-measurement of the students' reading rate was taken by using the first chapter of a Penguin graded reader. Both groups continued to read this novel over a course of two weeks-one chapter a day. However, the treatment group also listened to a tape of the novel being read while they followed along in the book. The speed at which the tape was played was steadily increased over the course of the study. Comprehension was checked by multiple-choice questions at the end of each chapter read. A post-measurement of the students' reading rate was taken by using the first chapter of a second graded reader.
The pre- and post-measurements of reading rate were then examined by both a two-way ANCOVA and a two-way mixed-design repeated measures analysis. The results clearly showed that reading with tapes helped to increase the reading rate of the ESL students tremendously compared to simply reading. The findings also show that while reading extensively without tapes benefited the high-proficient students more than the low proficient students, reading extensively with tapes greatly benefited both the low and high-proficient students.
The reading rate measured was the “reading” rate of the students calculated in standard word length (Carver 2000). The methodology used in this study is important for further research in reading in a second language.
Kennell, P.C. The effect of simultaneously reading and listening to audiotapes of expanded and compressed spoken text on the reading rate of English as asecond language students. Ph.D. thesis, The Florida State University.
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