A study of instructional design tasks performed by individuals at university-based distance learning programs in the United States of America
Ahmad Redzuan Abd.Rahman, Southern Illinois University at Carbondale, United States
Doctor of Philosophy, Southern Illinois University at Carbondale . Awarded
The purpose of the study was to identify the current duties carried out by individuals who perform instructional design tasks at university-based distance learning programs. Other purposes were (a) to study the perception of the individuals on the importance of their tasks, (b) to examine the relationship between job titles and the tasks performed, and (c) to find out the roles of delivery media in influencing tasks carried out by the respondents.
The subjects of the study were identified from four year universities and colleges in the United States that offer both the traditional education and distance learning program. A 71 item questionnaire package was mailed to 121 potential respondents. There was a total of 60 usable responses, indicating a 51.7% return rate.
The results of the study revealed that the task of giving advice to teachers/instructors pertaining to instructional matters as the most performed tasks by the respondents. Instructional designer skills found to be frequently used by the respondents were related to interaction with people, determination of projects to use instructional design technologies, and specification of instructional strategies. Skills that involved in-depth research, writing, and evaluative in nature were not as frequently used.
The study found that tasks perceived as very important were not necessarily frequently performed by respondents. Job titles did not significantly influence the perception of the importance of tasks and the number of tasks performed among respondents. However, types of delivery media did significantly influence the percentages of respondents who performed tasks.
The major conclusion of the study was that individuals working at university-based distance learning programs in the United States of America performed a wide range of tasks. This may have been caused by lack of specialized personnel employed by the institutions to perform specialized duties.
Abd.Rahman, A.R. A study of instructional design tasks performed by individuals at university-based distance learning programs in the United States of America. Doctor of Philosophy thesis, Southern Illinois University at Carbondale.
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