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K-12 Distance Educators at Work: Who's Teaching Online across the United States


Journal of Research on Technology in Education Volume 41, Number 4, ISSN 1539-1523


Due to the current proliferation of virtual schools, a growing number of teachers are facing the challenge of teaching online. This study examines the demographic nature and experiences of K-12 online teachers. Findings show that online teachers are experienced in the traditional classroom, as indicated by their years of experience and the level of their advanced degrees. These teachers seek a better means to engage with students, a greater sense of community, and the ability to teach without the constraints of traditional teachings, such as a bell schedule or issues of classroom management. Data also suggest that aspects of teaching online, such as the number of classes/students, student motivation, and lack of support, can be overwhelming at times. Through this study, we are able to gain a better understanding of the educators themselves, including specific advantages and challenges of teaching in an online environment. (Contains 9 figures and 1 table.)


Archambault, L. & Crippen, K. (2009). K-12 Distance Educators at Work: Who's Teaching Online across the United States. Journal of Research on Technology in Education, 41(4), 363-391. Retrieved May 21, 2019 from .

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