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Sense of Community within a Fully Online Program: Perspectives of Graduate Students

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Quarterly Review of Distance Education Volume 10, Number 2, ISSN 1528-3518


This mixed-method study investigates distance education students' desire to interact and the support for community building available to them at a department-wide level in a graduate-level instructional systems technology program. Distance education students' interactions are compared to those of the department's residential students. A modified version of Rovai's Classroom Community Scale (Rovai, 2002) for measuring program-level sense of community is piloted. Levels of student interactions with others in the department are compared to students' reported satisfaction with courses and the program as a whole. Student suggestions for changes or additional opportunities for interactions within the program are discussed. (Contains 10 figures.)


Exter, M.E., Korkmaz, N., Harlin, N.M. & Bichelmeyer, B.A. (2009). Sense of Community within a Fully Online Program: Perspectives of Graduate Students. Quarterly Review of Distance Education, 10(2), 177-194. Retrieved February 19, 2020 from .

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