Search results for author:"Karen Swan"
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Karen Swan; Jennifer Richardson; Philip Ice; Peter Shea; Martha Cleveland-Innes; Sebastian Diaz; Randy Garrison
World Conference on Educational Media and Technology 2008 (Jun 30, 2008) pp. 5812–5820
The Community of Inquiry (CoI) framework developed by Garrison, Anderson and Archer (2000) provides a theoretical model of online learning processes that has been used by many scholars in the field of online education. However, research utilizing...
Developing a community of inquiry instrument: Testing a measure of the Community of Inquiry framework using a multi-institutional sample
J.B. Arbaugh; Martha Cleveland-Innes; Sebastian R. Diaz; D. Randy Garrison; Philip Ice; Jennifer C. Richardson; Karen P. Swan
Internet and Higher Education Vol. 11, No. 3 (2008) pp. 133–136
This article reports on the multi-institutional development and validation of an instrument that attempts to operationalize Garrison, Anderson and Archer's Community of Inquiry (CoI) framework (2000). The results of the study suggest that the...