Search results for author:"Karen P. Swan"
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Developing a community of inquiry instrument: Testing a measure of the Community of Inquiry framework using a multi-institutional sample
J.B. Arbaugh; Martha Cleveland-Innes; Sebastian R. Diaz; D. Randy Garrison; Philip Ice; Jennifer C. Richardson; Karen P. Swan
Internet and Higher Education Vol. 11, No. 3 (2008) pp. 133–136
This article reports on the multi-institutional development and validation of an instrument that attempts to operationalize Garrison, Anderson and Archer's Community of Inquiry (CoI) framework (2000). The results of the study suggest that the...